Pre-Historic Events in Europe
From Bronze age to 1200 BC, early Minoans and Mycenaean settled in the Island of Crete, Greece’s largest city. According to history, they are the first settlers in the land of Crete that grow as the cradle o civilization in Greece. Historians call the next era the era known as classical antiquity began subsequent to the emergence of the city-states of Ancient Greece. This was the beginning of the conquest era when the people of Greece struggled with Persians until they succeeded to conquer the territory through Alexander the Great around Around 331 BC. After Greece dominated the Empire in Europe extending the territory form Macedonia to India, Greece came to its end when Rome came to power and conquered Greece in 168 BC. From that time, the Romans dominated Europe for more than 600 years. Within these years, the Roman Empire was divided into two: Eastern and Western Empire and ruling was continued until it fell in the hands of the Germans in 476 AD. The time when they were ruling was also the time when the Germans were rising to power and they came to break Roman Empire into 10 kingdoms called the Germanic tribes. However, the strong of Rome did not loose its sovereignty since they Papal States maintained their power. They did ruled the people and crusades and Inquisition were established to govern the people and maintain their power. The period of this time is called the Dark age where there was no more freedom. In fact this age was called the ‘church age’ where the Roman Catholics and England Churches dominated the empire.
The British Isles also meet with the Franks but they also to work for war. The European nations began to scatter. However, in 1914, the WW I broke out. The Allies, led by Britain and France, defeated the Central Powers, led by the German Empire and Austria-Hungary, in 1918. During the Paris Peace Conference the Big Four imposed their terms in a series of treaties, especially the Treaty of Versailles. The act’s human and material devastation was terrible.
Germany lost its overseas empire and several provinces, had to pay large reparations, and was humiliated by the victors. Seeking the demand of continent, Adolf Hitler started the WWII in 1933.
France and West Germany took the benefit in forming the European Economic Community, which eventually became the European Union (EU).